GLENSHIEL, a parish, in the county of Ross and Cromarty, 16 miles (S. E.) from Balmacara, in Lochalsh; containing 745 inhabitants. The derivation of the name of Glenshiel is involved in obscurity, the original word being equally applicable to a "glen of cattle," "of hunting," or "of rain." The history of the parish, till about the middle of the thirteenth century, is also uncertain. At this time the Mc Kenzies, whose founder had been rewarded by Alexander III. for his bravery at the battle of Largs, expelled from Glenshiel several tribes known by the names of Macbheolan, Macaulay, and others, and made themselves possessors of the land. In the beginning of the next century, however, the Mc Raes, a clan supposed to be of Irish origin, settled in the parish, and shortly became almost the sole proprietors. The descendants of this ancient tribe, with some adherents of the Mackenzie family, and 400 Spaniards headed by William, Earl of Seaforth, engaged the royal troops in the narrow pass of Glenshiel, in the cause of the dethroned family of Stuart; but, after several severe engagements, the Highlanders were repulsed, and retired, carrying with them the earl, who had been dangerously wounded. The celebrated Rob Roy was concerned in this battle, against the king's troops. The Mc Raes fought on the same side also at Auldearn and Sheriffmuir, but did not interfere in the rebellion of 1745.
   The parish is about twenty-six miles in length, varying in breadth from two to six miles, and contains 72,000 acres. It is bounded on the north by Loch Duich, which divides it from the parishes of Lochalsh and Kintail; on the south by the parish of Glenelg; on the east by the parishes of Kiltarlity, Urquhart, and Kilmonivaig; and on the west by the strait of Kylerea, which separates it from the Isle of Skye. The surface is formed of two divisions, the Eastern and Western. The eastern consists of three ranges of lofty mountains, divided by narrow valleys, and rising in a bold and precipitous manner at the western end, to an elevation of nearly 4000 feet above the level of the sea: among the many peaks by which they are distinguished, Scùr-ùran is the most conspicuous. The celebrated valley of Glenshiel lies between two of these ridges; it is about fifteen miles in length, of various breadth, and narrows so much at the middle, by the approach of the mountains, as to leave only sufficient space for the stream of Shiel to pass along. In a more expansive portion, it forms a bed for the waters of the lake of Cluonie. The scenery is altogether of a bold and romantic cast. The western division of the parish, called Letterfearn, implying "the alder side," is of a different character from the other division, consisting of a verdant tract gradually rising from Loch Duich, and marked by rocky projections and headlands, diversified with well-cultivated fields and interesting copses. Good springs are numerous in the parish; and in the eastern division are two considerable rivers, of very clear water, stocked with salmon and trout, and which flow for about twelve miles, and then empty themselves into Loch Duich, at the south and east extremities. One of these is the Shiel, running through the valley of Glenshiel. The principal inland lakes are, Loch Cluonie, Loch Luin, and Loch Shiel, all of which abound in excellent trout.
   The soil near the shore is gravelly, and, if well manured, produces good crops of potatoes; in several of the valleys a rich vegetable mould is found, partially mixed with sand or gravel, and admitting of superior cultivation. About 280 acres are employed in tillage, and 71,600 are under pasture: about seventy acres are wood, considerable portions of which consist of ash and alder. There are a few good farms, but the tillage is principally confined to yearly tenants who hold from one to two acres of land, which is turned with the spade, and sown with barley or oats, or planted with potatoes: the manure used is sea-weed. The houses on the superior farms are convenient and substantial buildings: those inhabited by the small tenants, however, are of a mean description, built of common stones, without cement, and containing only one apartment with partitions. Black-cattle, which formerly comprised the whole live stock, have been gradually yielding, since the beginning of the present century, to sheep. The breed of these, which has been much promoted, is the black-faced, or the Cheviot, with the cross of the two: the cattle are chiefly the native Highland, celebrated for their beauty and their hardiness, but a few Ayrshire cows are kept on some of the farms for their milk. The subsoil is a stiff and tenacious till, rendering draining difficult and expensive, and impeding the efforts of cultivation. The prevailing rock is gneiss, sometimes receiving a tinge of red from iron-ore; limestone, also, is found in several parts. The rateable annual value of the parish is £3014.
   There is no village within the parish: fairs are held at Shielhouse, for the sale of black-cattle, at Whitsuntide, in July, and September. Communication between Glenshiel and Inverness is maintained by means of a parliamentary road running for eighteen miles through the parish. There is a good harbour, named Ob-inag, at the point where Loch Duich joins Loch Alsh; it is capable of sheltering the largest vessels. The bays, also, of Ardintoul and Craigan-roy, at the southern extremity of Loch Duich, afford secure anchorage. The ecclesiastical affairs are directed by the presbytery of Lochcarron and synod of Glenelg, and the patronage is in the Queen: the minister's stipend is £158, with a manse, built in 1834, and a glebe of about twenty-four acres, valued at £16 per annum. The church, which is the first erected in the parish, was built in 1758, and is situated in the eastern part of Letterfearn; it was repaired, enlarged, and new-roofed in 1840, and accommodates 300 persons with sittings. There is a parochial school, in which Latin, Gaelic, and English are taught; the master has a salary of £28, and about £2 fees. The only relic of antiquity is a strong circular fort on the estate of Letterfearn, called a Picts' house. In the parish are some chalybeate springs; but they have not been used for medicinal purposes.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Batalla de Glenshiel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Glenshiel Parte de Rebeliones Jacobitas; Guerra de la Cuádruple Alianza …   Wikipedia Español

  • Batalla de Glenshiel — La Batalla de Glenshiel o Glen Shiel fue un enfrentamiento armado ocurrido el 10 de junio de 1719 en la cañada de Glenshiel, Escocia occidental, en la que las fuerzas reales británicas derrotaron a un conglomerado de tropas formadas por varios… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Battle of Glen Shiel — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Glenshiel caption= partof=the Jacobite Rising date=10 June 1719 place=Glenshiel, Scotland result=British victory combatant1=Kingdom of Great Britain combatant2=Jacobites Spain commander1=Joseph… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Tillemans — Peter Tillemans, grabado realizado por T. Chambers Peter Tillemans (1684 – 5 de diciembre de 1734)[1] fue pintor y practicante del arte flamenco, reconocido por sus trabajos relacionados con la prác …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clan Matheson — For Clan Line ships named Clan Matheson, see SS Clan Matheson. Crest badge suitable for wear by a member of Clan Matheson. Clan Matheson is a Highland Scottish clan. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Blue Funnel Line — Die Blue Funnel Line (BFL) war eine britische Reederei mit Sitz in Liverpool und betrieb hauptsächlich Liniendienste nach Ostasien, aber auch nach Australien, Neuseeland, Kanada und den USA. Die Reederei gehörte zeitweise zu den einflussreichsten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1805 in literature — The year 1805 in literature involved some significant events and new books.Events* Samuel Taylor Coleridge appointed Acting Public Secretary in Malta. *Jacob Grimm is invited to Paris as an assistant to Friedrich Karl von Savigny.New… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Seaforth — was a title in the Peerage of Scotland and Peerage of Great Britain. It was held by the family of Mackenzie from 1623 to 1716, and again from 1771 to 1781.The Mackenzies trace their descent to Colin of Kintail (d. 1278), and their name is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Mackintosh — Crest badge …   Wikipedia

  • Clan Fraser of Lovat — The Arms of Lord Lovat, chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat. Clan Fraser of Lovat is a Highland Scottish clan and is a branch of the Clan Fraser.[citation needed] The Frasers of Lovat …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.